Recent Credit Inquiries:
Credit Scoring models also take a look at how many times inquiries have been made against your credit bureau. This indicates the number of occasions that you have attempted to obtain credit. Inquiries in the past one year are given much more importance. It is important to note that there are inquiries that count towards your credit score and those that do not. Inquiries that count towards your credit score are those that are initiated when you apply for credit and authorize a credit report
to be run. Other inquiries which are checks made by businesses to offer you goods and services like pre-approved credit cards are not counted towards your FICO®. Inquiries made by lenders
and companies with whom you have existing business and who may from time to time request credit information on you to make sure that all is well are also not counted towards your credit scores. Your credit scores are not affected when you look into your own credit and order a credit report on yourself. All three repositories offer one free credit report
per year to everybody who requests it of them and it is often a good idea to keep on top of your credit and make sure that there isn’t any unauthorized activity going on.
Of the five types of information used to calculate a FICO® score at any given point in time the attached chart will show the weight given to each type of information when calculating a total FICO® score. These percentages are based on the importance of the five categories for the general population.
For particular groups, such as people with relatively short credit histories, the importance of the categories may differ. Inquiries are a subset of the "new credit" category shown above, which accounts for 10% of the total FICO® score. Their importance depends on the overall information in your credit report. For some people, a given factor may be more important than for someone else with a different credit history. In addition, as the information in your credit report changes, so does the importance of any factor in determining your score. What's important is the mix of information, which varies from person to person, and for any one person over time. For more detailed information please contact www.fairisaac.com
7. For those who have no credit history
Many folks do not have any or very little credit history
and there are many reason for that. If you were not born in the United States and emigrated over here later in your life, you probably don’t have any credit history since you did not have a social security number. But often people born in the United States may have little or no credit history because they have never applied for credit.
We believe the following steps are the best way for a person without credit to start building credit:
- Prepaid credit cards: A prepaid credit card allows the you to pay the lender ahead of time and fill up the card with ‘credit’ that you can in turn use when you use the card. These lenders often team up with either Visa or Mastercard and so you have the ability to use the prepaid credit card at any location that accepts Visa or Mastercard. Eventually you can use your spending history with the lender to request them to give you an actual credit limit and that his how you start building your credit history.
- Store charge cards: Cards from department stores like Sears, Macy’s and others have been known to be relatively easy to procure and the reason for this is that store charge cards require the borrower to pay off the balances much quicker than traditional credit cards so while the store is extending credit to you it is doing so at much more conservative terms than say a traditional credit card lender. Thus by using charge cards for a while you can develop a solid credit history and use that to apply to larger credit card lenders later.
- Credit Cards: Once you have some established credit history with prepaid credit cards and store charge cards, many lenders will start offering you credit cards although with small lines of credit. If you do well with small lines of credit eventually your credit limits will be raised by these lenders.
- Auto loans: Not as easy to get as credit cards, auto loans require that you have some established credit history since the average auto loan is at least $7000 or more. Auto loan lenders want to make sure that they are lending to someone who has an established credit history.
- Home loans: The toughest loan to obtain is a mortgage. A mortgage of course requires that you show proof of income, assets, solid credit history of timely payment on at least 3 to 4 accounts for over two years. Once you get a home loan and make timely payments for an year or so, you will find that your credit scores improve dramatically.